Status of Solar Heating/Cooling and Solar Buildings - 2014

Status of the Market for Solar Thermal Systems

Market Size and Trends

The market for large solar systems for district heating has been growing the last
5 years - and this growth is expected to continue.

The market for individual systems has been on a low level approx. 10 MW/year the last 5 years - with a tendency to a decreasing market.

Typical Applications and Products

The typical applications are:

  • district heating (3 000 - 50 000 m²)
  • domestic hot water in one family houses (3 - 6 m²)
  • domestic hot water in institutions (20 - 2 000 m²)

Main Market Drivers

For the large systems for district heating the main market drivers are the heat price and its stability. Heat from large solar fields is competitive with heat price of gas and some kinds of biomass.

The small systems are not as competitive as the large systems - and during the last years people seem much more interested in PV systems.

Industry

Main manufacturers:

  • ARCON Solar: Large collector modules (low export)
  • BATEC: Collectors and collector coating (low export)
  • SUNARC: Anti reflective glass coating (mostly export)
  • SUNMARK: Large collector modules (production not in DK) (some export)

Employment

Danish Solar Heating Association estimates the employment related to the production and installation of solar heating systems in 2013 to be approximately 700 full time jobs. [Fakta om Solvarme, faktablad G07].

Costs

Costs of large systems for district heating:
Collector field installed including piping in the field, heat exchangers, pumps, control, etc. 225 €/m² excluding VAT

Costs of individual systems:
Small domestic hot water system for individual houses, 4 m² collector:  3 500 € including 25% VAT. The price is the additional price to install a solar water heater instead of a conventional water heater. [Fakta om Solvarme, faktablad G09a].

Medium size hot water system for e.g. institutions, 100 m² collector:  42 000 € (420 €/m²) excluding VAT. The price is the additional price to install a solar water heater instead of a conventional water heater. [Fakta om Solvarme, faktablad G09a].

R&D Activities

R&D Programmes

EUDP is a general support programme for new and effective energy technologies - annual budget 250 mio DKK.

http://www.ens.dk/en/policy/energy-technology

R&D Infrastructure

R&D Institutions
Institution Type of Institution Relevant Research Areas IEA SHC Involvement Website
EUDP Public Energy savings / renewable energy 44, 45 www.ens.dk

Actual Innovations

The innovative trend right now in Denmark is large scale solar district heating systems with seasonal storage – and in some cases large heat pumps.

Support Framework

Background

Danish Climate and Energy Policy:

The long-term goal for Danish energy policy is clear: the entire energy supply – electricity, heating, industry and transport – is to be covered by renewable energy by 2050.

In March 2012 a historic new Energy Agreement was reached in Denmark. The Agreement contains a wide range of ambitious initiatives, bringing Denmark a good step closer to the target of 100% renewable energy in the energy and transport sectors by 2050.

See: http://www.ens.dk/en/policy/danish-climate-energy-policy

Government Agencies Responsible for Solar Thermal, for Solar Building Activities

Danish Energy Agency: www.ens.dk

Most Important Public Support Measure(s) for Solar Thermal and for Solar Buildings

  • Financial support schemes: None
  • (Building) regulation: Solar thermal counts in the calculation of the energy performance of new buildings and major renovations; these have to fulfil strict requirements for energy use
  • RD&D Funding: EUDP
  • Quality control:
    1. Installers can join voluntary certification schemes for solar thermal installers: KSO (www.kso-ordning.dk) and VE Gokendelsesordningen (http://www.ens.dk/forbrug-besparelser/byggeriets-energiforbrug/ve-godkendelses-ordningen)
    2. Products can be listed on a “positive list” operated by DSF, Dansk Solvarme Forening: www.god-solvarme.dk;  installers who are KSO certified shall use products from this list

Information Resources

National Solar Associations (industry and non-industry)

DSF, Dansk Solvarme Forening (www.dansksolvarmeforening.dk)

Most Important Media for Solar Thermal and Solar Buildings

The portal: www.altomsolvarme.dk  comprising:

Energitjenesten (www.energitjenesten.dk)